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Study No. 2 – Trailer
We thank the captain, officers, crew, scientists and technicians for their assistance during the KS and YK cruises and M. Honda, PI of the MR cruise. All authors contributed to the interpretation of the results and the preparation of the manuscript. Correspondence to Florian Breider. Reprints and Permissions. Response of N 2 O production rate to ocean acidification in the western North Pacific. Download citation. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Biogeochemistry Climate-change impacts Environmental chemistry Environmental sciences.
Abstract Ocean acidification, induced by the increase in anthropogenic CO 2 emissions, has a profound impact on marine organisms and biogeochemical processes 1. Access through your institution. Buy or subscribe. Change institution. Rent or Buy article Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube. References 1. Article Google Scholar 6.
Article Google Scholar Google Scholar Acknowledgements We thank the captain, officers, crew, scientists and technicians for their assistance during the KS and YK cruises and M. Ethics declarations Competing interests The authors declare no competing interests. Supplementary information. Supplementary Information Supplementary Tables 1 and 2 and Figs. Reporting Summary. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions. About this article. Cite this article Breider, F.
However, uncertainty about the shape of the concentration-response function exists especially for the low and high ends of the concentration distribution, which is partly related to the scarcity of observations , particularly in the low range.
MRI study: No 2 brains are the same—even among identical twins
In this study we focus on analyses contributing to knowledge about health effects of spatially resolved air pollution concentrations at low concentrations, defined as less than current EU, EPA, and WHO Limit Values or guidelines for PM2. Studies have focused especially on PM2. Very few studies have evaluated long-term morbidity and mortality effects of O 3. The main hypothesis we will investigate is that long-term exposure to low concentrations of outdoor air pollution is related to adverse health effects.
We will specifically test whether the concentration-response functions deviate significantly from linearity at low exposures. We will exploit selected well-characterized cohorts from the ESCAPE study and seven large European administrative cohorts to study health effects of low level air pollution. The specific objectives are:. By combining well-characterized ESCAPE cohorts and large administrative cohorts in one proposal the strengths and weaknesses of each approach can be adequately addressed. The large administrative cohorts have more statistical power, can efficiently control for area-level confounders, but have fewer possibilities to control for individual-level confounders.
To estimate long-term average exposure to PM2. To investigate the shape of the relationship between long-term exposure to PM2.